I was on a video call with my niece, for the first time, when I heard her ask her mum “Do they have phones in Africa?” and I said to myself, why didn’t she ask something like “do they have phones in Nigeria or Sierra Leone, including the other countries stated in the African map above” It was at that very moment it dawned on me that my niece must have thought, Africa is a country.
Well, I don’t blame her, afterwards she is not the only one that does not know about Africa not being a country.
Africa is a continent just like Asia, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe and Australia. Africa comprises of 54 fully recognised states (Countries) which are all members of the United Nations and the African Union ,except Morocco, which is suspended for its lack of a solution to the issue of Western Sahara, but its a member of the African Union.,. Some of these African countries speak commonly known languages like; English, French and Arabic.
Listed below are some Amazing facts about Africa;
The East African Rift zone, which divides the Somalian and Nubian tectonic plates, is the location of several important discoveries of human ancestors by anthropologists.The active spreading rift valley is thought to be the heartland of humanity, where much human evolution likely took place millions of years ago. The discovery of the partial skeleton of “Lucy” in 1974 in Ethiopia sparked major research in the region.
Africa is the world’s second largest continent covering about 11,677,239 square miles (30,244,049 square km).
Africa is located to the south of Europe and southwest of Asia. It is connected to Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in northeastern Egypt. The peninsula itself is usually considered part of Asia with the Suez Canal and the Gulf of Suez as the dividing line between Asia and Africa. African countries are usually divided into two world regions. The countries of northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, are usually considered part of a region called “North Africa and the Middle East” while countries south of the northernmost countries of Africa are usually considered part of the region called “Sub-Saharan Africa.” .
Africa is also the second most populous continent on Earth, with about 1.1 billion people.
With the possible exceptions of Ethiopia and Liberia, all of Africa was colonized by non-African countries. The United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Spain, Italy, Germany, and Portugal all claimed to rule parts of Africa without the consent of the local population. Over the following decades, and especially after World War II, African countries gradually regained their independence with the borders as established by the colonial powers.
With 196 independent countries on Earth, Africa is home to more than a quarter of these countries.
Africa is fairly non-urbanized. Only 39% of Africa’s population lives in urban areas. Africa is home to only two megacities with a population greater than ten million: Cairo, Egypt, and Lagos, Nigeria.
The Cairo urban area is home to somewhere between 11 and 15 million people and Lagos is home to about 10 to 12 million people. The third largest urban area in Africa is likely Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with about eight to nine million residents.
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa. Located in Tanzania near the Kenyan border, this dormant volcano rises to an elevation of 19,341 feet (5,895 meters). Mount Kilimanjaro is the location of Africa’s only glacier although scientists predict that the ice on the top of Mt. Kilimanjaro will disappear by the 2030s due to global warming.
The Sahara Desert is not the largest nor the driest desert on Earth, but it is the most notable. It covers about one tenth of the land of Africa. The world’s record high temperature of nearly 136°F (58°C) was recorded in Aziziyah, Libya in the Sahara Desert in the year 1922.